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Facts of Nepal

Official Name: Kingdom of Nepal

Abbreviation: NP

Capital: Kathmandu

Location: Between India & Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.

Latitude: 26º12' and 30º27' North.

Longitude: 80º4' and 88º12' East.

Head of State: President

Head of Government: Prime Minister

Population: 29’000’000

Area: 147,181 sq. km. (54,633 sq. mi.)

People 40 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages.

Topography From the world’s deepest gorge "Kali-Gandaki" to highest point on earth "The Everest".

Vegetation As per the size of the country, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical rain-forests to alpine deserts.

Weather Climate ranges from tropical in the low lands to arctic in higher altitudes.

Monsoon Mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking in this period.

Seasons: Winter (December-February), Summer (March-May), Monsoon (June-August), Autumn (September-November).

Nepal has its own calendar. Nepalese calendar is 57 years ahead than English calendar. We have our own seasons which are shown below.

Nepali Months

Nepali seasons

English Months

Nepali Seasons

Chaitra /Baishakh
Jestha /Ashad
Shrawan / Bhadra
Ashoj / kartik
Mangshir / Paush
Magh / Phalgun
Bashanta
Greesma
Barsa
Sharad
Hemanta
Shishir
mid Feb - mid Apr
mid Apr  - mid Jun
mid Jun  - mid Aug
mid Aug - mid Oct
mid Oct  - mid Dec
mid Dec - mid Feb
Spring
Summer
Monsoon
Early Autumn
Late Autumn
Winter

Time Zone: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT

Language: Nepali (official)

Religion: According to census of 2007: Hinduism 80%, Buddhist 11%, Kirati 4% Jain 4% and other 1%

Political system: Nepal was declared a secular country by Parliament on May 18, 2006.

Unit of Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

National Flag: Extra in the world.

National Calendar The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Phalgun, Chaitra. Saturday is the official weekly holiday.

Date of Unification: 1768 (by Prithvi Narayan Shah)

Weights and Measures Traditional measures are commonly used. The most important of these are ropani = 0.05 ha.(0.8 ac.); bigha = 0.1 ha.,(1.67 ac.); murhi = 72 kg.(160 lb.).


Major ethnic group in Nepal

Ethnic group Population
Brahman 2,896,477
Chhetri 3,593,496
Magar 1,662,241
Tharu 1,533,879
Tamang 1,282,304
Newar 1,245,232
Rai 6,35,151
Gurung 5,43,571
Limbu 3,59,379
Thakuri 3,34,120
Sherpa 15,462
Thakali 12,973
Chepang 52,237
Raute

Other important key words about Nepal:

  • The only Hindu Kingdom in the world
  • Birth place of Apostle of Peace-Lord Buddha
  • Abode of multitude of Gods and Goddesses
  • Only country still practising Bonpo - Pre Buddhistic Spiritism
  • Birth place of Janaki (Wife of Lord Rama)
  • A city which has one of the largest concentration of Buddhist Icons & Shrines
  • City of Golden Pagodas & Parasols
  • Melting pot of Hinduism & Buddhism
  • Land of the Living Goddess
  • Country of Non-Stop Festivals
  • Himalayan Pilgrimage
  • The country of as many temples as many houses and as many Gods as many peoples
  • The country which has more festivals than the days of the year
  • Land of 1047 Lamastic Monasteries
  • Country of Tharus wearing richest tribal jewellery comprising 32 items weighing seven kgs.
  • Anthropological Treasure Land
  • Glory of Asia's Past
  • Shangri- la
  • Land of Brave Gorkhas
  • Ultimate destination of Mysticism and Exoticism
  • Living Cultural Museum of the World
  • As per the size the country possesses one of the world's highes concentration and distribution of bio-diversity
  • The Wildest Dream of Kew
  • Nature's Amphitheatre
  • Land of Yak and Yeti
  • Land of Eight -Thousanders
  • Country of hidden valleys and crystal mountains
  • A country of high mountains consisting of 240 peaks exceeding 6,094 meterss
  • Home of biggest 'Honey Bee' (Apis-Labonosa) and largest 'Moth' (Atlas)
  • Africa of Asia and Switzerland of the Orient
  • Only cherry that flowers in winter
  • 91 plants that named after Nepal (Neplence)
  • The highest floral habitat of the world
  • Some of the world's highest village

ABBREVIATIONS

TIA Tribhuvan International Airport
KTM Kathmandu
VNY'98 Visit Nepal Year 1998
HAN Hotel Association of Nepal
ATMA'98 Adventure Travel Mart Asia
GO Government Organisation
NGO Non-Government Organisation
HMG His Majesty Government
TURGAN Tourist Guide Association of Nepal
WWF Worldwide Fund for Nature Conservation
DNP Department of National Park
KMTNC King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation

IUCN

(International Union for Conservation of Nature & Natural Resources) - The World Conservation Union
NMA Nepal Mountaineering Association
NATA Nepal Association of Travel Agents
NICA Nepal Incentive & Convention Association
SATTE South Asia Travel Tourism Exhibition
REBAN Restaurant & Bar Association of Nepal
DOT Department of Tourism
ETC Education, Training & Career
VDC Village Development Committee
ACAP Annapurna Conservation Area Project
CAAN Cargo Agent Association of Nepal
NARA Nepal Association of Rafting Agents
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
CAN Carpet Association of Nepal